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Patient Education

Skin Care

Patient Education Hub

Sparsh clinic wants to be simplistic integrated and holistic in approach towards skincare and ensure the provision of humanly caring service to all our godly patients. Sparsh clinic wants to build a new outstanding source of derma care solutions and patient education hub to all our dearly patients and make their life more easy and joyful.

Acanthosis Nigricans

Acanthosis nigricans is a fairly common skin pigmentation disorder. The most notable sign of acanthosis nigricans is dark patches of skin with a thick, velvety texture. The affected areas of skin may also itch or have an odor. These patches may appear on skin folds and other areas, such as the: Armpits..


Acne is the medical term for pimples. Acne is a very common skin condition characterised by comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) and pus-filled spots (pustules). It usually starts at puberty (after age of 12) and varies in severity from a few spots on the face, neck, back and chest, which most adolescents will have at some time,..

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia is a general term for hair loss. Alopecia areata is a common cause of non-scarring (does not cause scarring to the scalp) hair loss that can occur at any age. It usually causes small, coin-sized, round patches of baldness on the scalp, although hair elsewhere such as the beard, eyebrows, eyelashes, body and limbs can be affected.

Androgenic Alopecia

Androgenic alopecia is also called as Male pattern hair loss(MPHL) .(MPHL) is the most common cause of hair loss in men. It happens with progressive loss of terminal hair in very specific way for both male. In males hair loss starts at top of head and side of head and usually seen as receding of hair line.

Atopic Eczema

Atopic eczema is a very common skin condition due to skin inflammation. It may start at any age but the onset is often in childhood. The term ‘atopic’ is used to describe a group of conditions, which include asthma, eczema and hay-fever and food allergy. These conditions are all linked by an increased activity of..

Becker’s naevus

‘Naevus’ is the Latin word for birthmark. It is called Becker’s after the name of the American Dermatologist that described it. Becker’s naevus is sometimes called ‘Becker’s melanosis’ or ‘pigmented hairy epidermal naevus’. Becker’s naevus can be present at birth in one in five children and similar numbers of boys and girls can be affected.


A boil, or furuncle, is an abscess (infection) of the skin or in the deep part hair follicles. The infection is usually caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Occasionally the infection may spread into the surrounding tissues (cellulitis) and can cause fever and a feeling of being unwell. When several boils form close together and join, this is known as a carbuncle.

Cellulitis And Erysipelas

Erysipelas and cellulitis are common infections of the skin. Erysipelas is a superficial infection, affecting the upper layers of the skin, while cellulitis affects the deeper tissues. They can overlap, so it is not always possible to make a definite diagnosis between the two. Bacteria (germs) get through a break in the skin.

Chemical Peeling

Chemical peeling is a simple office procedure , safe & effective in learned hands ,affordable to most.

Chondrodermatitis Nodularis

Chondrodermatitis nodularis is common, harmless, painful condition of the skin of the ear. This is an inflammation of both the cartilage (chondro-) and of the skin (-dermatitis) causing a small swelling over ear pinna. This condition is more common in middle aged or elderly males but can happen in women.

Chronic Paronychia

It is common infection of skin around nail. There are two types – ‘acute paronychia’  and ‘chronic paronychia’. Acute paronychiya starts suddenly and gets cure early with treatment while chronic paronychiya develops slowly, may present in episodic way and takes long term treatment to resolve.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis and contact eczema mean the same thing. Contact dermatitis describes inflammation that is caused by direct skin contact with something in your environment. There are two main types of contact dermatitis: – Irritant contact dermatitis-This is caused by contact with substance which irritates skin.

Cutaneous Amyloidosis

Amyloidosis or ‘amyloid’ is group of rare diseases in which abnormal proteins, accumulate in various organs including the skin. The name ‘amyloid’ was given to the condition over 150 years ago because the deposits looked like starch under the microscope. (In Latin amylum = starch).

Cutaneous Vasculitis

Vasculitis is a term referring to inflammation of blood vessels; these may be arteries, veins or both, and can affect any part of the body. When vasculitis affects small or medium sized blood vessels in the skin, it is known as cutaneous vasculitis. Occasionally cutaneous vasculitis can be a sign of inflammation..

Darier Disease

It is a rare inherited skin condition is characterised by a change in the way skin cells (keratinocytes) stick together within the upper layer of the skin (epidermis). This leads to changes in the skin and nails, and inside the mouth can sometimes be affected. Other names for Darier disease include Darier-White disease and Keratosis Follicularis.


A dermatofibroma is a common overgrowth of the fibrous tissue situated in the dermis (the deeper of the two main layers of the skin). It is benign (harmless) and will not turn into a cancer. Whilst dermatofibromas are harmless, they can be similar in appearance to other concerning skin tumours. It is therefore important to see a health professional..

Digital Myxoid Cyst

A digital myxoid cyst (sometimes called a mucous cyst) is a non-cancerous swelling that occurs on the fingers or, sometimes, the toes. The cyst is often connected to the lining of the finger or toenail joint, and is usually located between the joint and the nail. Digital myxoid cysts are not contagious and are not a form of skin cancer.

Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

DLE is an uncommon skin rash, usually made worse by exposure to sunlight. ‘Discoid’ lupus erythematosus is confined to the skin and is not associated with symptoms from other organs. A more severe form is called ‘systemic’ lupus erythematosus..

Erythema Multiforme

Erythema multiforme (EM) is a hypersensitivity reaction which tends to develop suddenly.  It is predominantly seen in young adults. It is rarely seen in children but can occur in any age group. Erythema multiforme is characterised by the sudden development of few to hundreds of red spots.

Erythema Nodosum

Erythema Nodosum (EN) is a skin condition that is characterised by painful red, rounded lumps which appear on the shins and around the ankles, and less commonly the thighs and forearms. It can occur at any age, in both sexes, and in anyone.  These lumps tend to heal to leave a bruise-like appearance.

Folliculitis Barbae

Hairs are formed within the skin in tiny structures known as hair follicles. The word folliculitis describes inflammation of hair follicles and may happen anywhere on the body. The term folliculitis barbae is inflammation of hair follicles in the beard area (‘barba’ is the Latin word for beard).

Fox-Fordyce Disease

Fox-Fordyce disease is a rare skin disorder affecting the apocrine sweat glands. These are special sweat glands found in the armpits, genital region and breasts that produce a more dense secretion than the normal or ‘eccrine’ sweat glands found elsewhere on the body.

Granuloma Annulare

Granuloma annulare is an uncommon skin condition, which most often affects children and young adults but can occur at any age. It is twice as common in women as in men. The reason for this is unknown. It usually presents as groups of small firm bumps in the skin which come together to form..


A ‘haemangioma’ (Greek for blood-vessel-growth) of Infancy is a benign (not cancerous) overgrowth of blood vessel cells that is self-limiting (will stop growing without treatment). The term ‘strawberry naevus’ or ‘strawberry haemangioma’ is used for a haemangioma that look similar to a strawberry.

Hailey-Hailey Disease

Hailey-Hailey disease is also known as familial benign chronic pemphigus. It was originally described by the Hailey brothers. It is a rare inherited skin condition in which there are red scaly areas that can be itchy and sore, that can lead to superficial blisters and eroded (broken) areas of the skin.

Hand Dermatitis

Hand dermatitis is also called hand eczema. It is common and can affect about one in every 20 people. It can start in childhood as part of an in-built tendency to eczema, but is commonest in teenagers and adults. Hand dermatitis may be a short-lived, transient problem. However, in some people, it lasts for years and can have..

Herpes Simplex

There are two herpes simplex viruses that cause skin infection. They are called herpes simplex type 1 and type 2. They can be transferred from person to person by direct skin to skin contact with the affected place when enough virus is present. This is often a lesion or sore but transmission may also occur at other times..

Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a long term, recurrent, and painful disease in which there is inflammation (redness, tenderness and swelling) in areas of skin containing apocrine sweat glands. These glands are found mainly in the armpits, breasts and groins.


Hirsutism refers to excessive growth of dark, thick and coarse hair in an individual (usually female) in a male pattern. Commonly affected areas are upper lips, chin, central chest, midline of the stomach, lower back, buttocks and front of thighs. Is hirsutism hereditary? No, although some cases can run in families.


Hyperhidrosis means excessive sweating. It can be localised or affect the whole face and body. Sweating is controlled by the brain, which sends signals along nerves called “sympathetic nerves” to the small sweat glands in the skin. These nerves are part of the “autonomic nervous system” which controls many unconscious body functions.


Ichthyosis is the term used to describe continual and widespread scaling of the skin. It may be inherited (genetic) or acquired during life. The inherited forms are rare, generally present from infancy, and are usually lifelong conditions. Acquired ichthyosis can develop at any age due to a number of medical problems, such as kidney disease.


Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the surface of the skin. Impetigo is usually due to a bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus. These germs pass from person to person by skin-to-skin contact or, less often, by bedding, clothing and towels. Impetigo can spread rapidly through families and school classes.


When a wound heals, it leaves a scar. A keloid (also called a keloid scar) is the name given to a scar that overgrows and becomes larger than the original wound. It is not uncommon for a scar to become slightly thick and raised. This is called a hypertrophic scar. Unlike hypertrophic scars, keloids: Can develop after very minor skin damage..

Keratosis Pilaris

Keratosis pilaris (KP) is a very common and may be present in half the population. It is a completely harmless skin condition. It affects 50-70% of adolescents and approximately 40% of adults. Its name gives some idea of what it is; ‘keratosis’ means that there is too much keratin, which makes up the tough horny outer layer of the skin..


Latex is a milky sap from plants like the tropical rubber tree. It contains a mixture of water, sugar and proteins. The sap is collected by drilling into the tree and used to make rubber items such as household gloves and medical gloves, shoes, tyres, balloons and condoms. During the manufacturing process chemicals such as accelerators..

Lichen Planopilaris

Lichen planopilaris is a type of scarring hair loss that occurs when a relatively common skin disease, known as lichen planus, affects areas of skin where there is hair. Lichen planopilaris destroys the hair follicle and then replaces it with scarring, resulting in permanent hair loss. Lichen planopilaris can be divided into three different subtypes (see below).

Lichen Planus

In dermatology, the word ‘lichen’ means small bumps on the skin and ‘planus’ means ‘flat’, so the name comes from a description of the rash’s appearance. Lichen planus is a fairly common (0.2-1% of the population worldwide), itchy, non-contagious rash that usually occurs in adults between the ages of 40 to 60. It is rare in children.

Lichen Sclerosus

Lichen sclerosus is a chronic inflammatory skin condition which can affect any part of the skin, but it most often affects the genital skin (vulva) and the skin around the anus. It can start in childhood – or adulthood (usually after the menopause) and affect girls or women of any age. What causes lichen sclerosus?

Lichen Simplex

The term ‘lichen’ is Latin and means a plant-like moss covering trees. Lichen simplex describes a response to the skin being repeatedly scratched or rubbed over a long period of time (also called lichen simplex chronicus). A single or multiple plaque (thickened area of skin) of rough skin forms with increased markings and sometimes..


Melasma, also called ‘chloasma’ and ‘pregnancy mask’, is a common skin condition of adults in which brown or greyish patches of pigmentation (colour) develop, usually on the face. The name comes from melas, the Greek word for black, or cholas, from the word green-ish.


Microneedling  is a very simple, safe, effective, and minimally invasive procedure. It was initially introduced for skin rejuvenation. It is used for a very wide range of skin conditions  including acne scar,  post-traumatic/burn scar, alopecia, skin rejuvenation, drug delivery, hyperhidrosis, stretch marks, and many more.


Morphoea is a rare skin disorder/ disease / complaint where areas of skin become much thicker and firmer than normal.  Morphoea usually affects a few small areas of the skin. Very rarely, it can occur over larger areas of the body in a form called ‘generalised morphoea.’ The cause of morphoea is unknown..

Nodular Prurigo

‘Pruritus’ is the word doctors often use for itching. ‘Prurigo’ is a related word, which describes the changes that appear in the skin after it has been itched and scratched for a long time. In nodular prurigo these changes look like firm very itchy bumps (nodules) on the skin’s surface.

Palmoplantar Pustulosis

Palmoplantar (palmo meaning palm of the hand, plantar meaning sole of the foot) pustulosis is a persistent (chronic) condition which causes blisters filled with fluid on the palms and the soles of the feet. It can sometimes occur with the skin condition psoriasis.

Papular Urticaria

Papular urticarial is allergic reaction of skin to insect bites. It is common in children who have atopy or dry skin. The main function of our skin is barrier function, it protects from environmental factors. Children with dry skin have nonefficient barrier function, so they give hyperactive reactions to otherwise simple insects bite.


Pemphigoid is a rare blistering disorder, which usually occurs in later life, the average age of onset being over 70 years. The blisters come up on the skin and, less often, in the mouth too. Nobody fully understands its cause, but pemphigoid is classed as an autoimmune disease..

Peri-Oral Dermatitis

Peri-oral dermatitis is a common skin condition that more commonly affects women aged 20 to 50 years old. It usually causes persistent redness or small bumps (papules) and sometimes pus containing spots (pustules). It can persist for a few months until the cause is identified and corrected.

Pityriasis Alba

Pityriasis alba is a common skin complaint of children and young adults. It appears as pink/pale, scaly patches which later leave pale areas on the skin. These pale areas are more noticeable in people with skin of colour, and more pronounced after exposure to the sun and the tanning of the non-affected skin.

Pityriasis Lichenoides

Pityriasis lichenoides is a rare skin disorder of unknown cause. There are two types of pityriasis lichenoides: an acute form usually found in children known as pityriasis lichenoides et varioliformis acuta (PLEVA), and a more longlasting form known as pityriasis lichenoides chronica (PLC).

Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris

Pityriasis rubra pilaris is a rare long-term inflammatory skin condition. The name means scaling (pityriasis), redness (rubra) and involvement of the hair follicles (pilaris). It affects all races and sexes equally. It is classified into 6 clinical types: Type I is the most common and is called ‘classic adult type’.

Pityriasis Versicolor

Pityriasis means a type of fine skin scaling, and versicolor means changing colour. It is a common and harmless rash due to the overgrowth of yeasts that live on everyone’s skin. These yeasts, called Malassezia, are not related to yeast in food or to those that cause thrush.

Plantar Warts

Warts are localised thickenings of the skin, and the term ‘plantar warts’ is used for those that occur on the soles of the feet (the ‘plantar’ surface). They are also known as verrucas. Warts are caused by infection in the outer layer of the skin (epidermis) with a virus called the ‘human papilloma virus’.

Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy

Plasma is the liquid portion of whole blood. It is composed largely of water and proteins, and it provides a medium for red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets to circulate through the body. Platelets, also called thrombocytes, are blood cells that cause blood clots, it is backbone of all healing process of body.


The term ‘light eruption’ means a rash that comes up after exposure to light. ‘Polymorphic’ is two words; ‘poly’ means ‘many’, and ‘morphic’ means ‘forms’. In other words, the rash of PLE can take on many different forms, including small red bumps, larger red areas, and blisters.

Polymorphic Eruption Of Pregnancy

Polymorphic eruption of pregnancy is a relatively common skin disorder that can occur in women during pregnancy. It usually presents within a women’s first pregnancy.

Port Wine Stain

A Port Wine Stain is a collection of abnormally formed blood vessels (capillaries) in the skin, which results in a red mark that may have the colour of port wine. Although most Port Wine Stains are present at birth, it has been reported in few cases to develop later in..

Pruritus Ani

‘Pruritus’ means itching. Pruritus ani is itching around the opening of the back passage (the anus). It is a symptom with many causes, but sometimes no obvious cause can be found. Pruritus ani is common and occurs more often in men than women.


Pseudofolliculitis, also known as ‘shaving bumps’, or ‘razor bumps’, is inflammation of hair follicles and surrounding skin, caused by hairs trapped beneath the skin surface. It appears similar to folliculitis, which is inflammation of hair follicles due to infection, but the inflammation in pseudofolliculitis is not primarily due to infection.


Psoriasis is a common skin disease affecting 1 in 50 people. It occurs equally in men and women. It can appear at any age. Psoriasis is a long-term condition which may come and go throughout your lifetime. It is not infectious; therefore you cannot catch psoriasis from someone else. It does not scar the skin although sometimes..


Rosacea is a common skin condition, usually occurring on the face, which predominantly affects fair-skinned but may affect all skin types in people aged 40 to 60 years old. It is more common in women but when affecting men, it may be more severe. It is a chronic condition, and can persist for a long time and, in any individual..


Scabies is a common and very itchy skin condition caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes Scabiei. It can affect people of any age but is most common in the young and the elderly. The mites that cause scabies are tiny parasites, smaller than a pinhead. They are usually spread by direct skin-to-skin contact with someone who already..

Seborrhoeic Dermatitis

‘Dermatitis’ is a red, itchy, flaky (inflamed) skin complaint; ‘seborrhoeic’ means that the rash affects greasy (sebaceous) skin zones such as the face, scalp and centre of the chest. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is very common and many people don’t even know they have it. Overall it has been reported to affect about 4% of the..

Seborrhoeic Keratoses

Seborrhoeic keratoses (SK) are also known as seborrhoeic warts, and as basal cell papillomas. They are benign growths due to a build-up of skin cells. SK are very common, harmless, often pigmented, growths on the skin. They are not infectious and do not become skin cancer. Despite their name, SK are nothing to do..

Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome

Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a painful, blistering skin condition which may cover a wide area of skin, caused by a bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus. This produces a toxin that damages the..

Telogen Effluvium

It is normal to shed approximately 30-150 hairs from our scalp daily as part of our hair cycle, but this can vary depending on washing and brushing routines. Hair regrows automatically so that the total number of hairs on our head remains constant. Telogen effluvium occurs when there is a marked increase in the number of hairs shed each day.

Tinea Infection

Tinea is general medical term used for fungal infection. According to area of body different  names are given for fungal infection such as tinea capitis for fungal infection of scalp, tinea corporis for fungal infection of body , tinea cruris for infection of groin area , onychomycosis for nail infection etc..

Venous Eczema

Venous eczema is also known as varicose or stasis eczema and is the name given to a type of eczema on the lower leg. The word eczema (or dermatitis) refers to a common inflammatory skin condition. Venous eczema is more common as people get older and occurs more often in women than in men.


Vitiligo is a persistent or chronic condition in which areas of skin lose their normal pigment and become very pale or pink. It is common, affecting about 1% of the world’s population. It can start at any age after birth, but in more than half of people affected it does so before 20 years..

Vitiligo Surgery

Vitiligo -is a persistent condition in which areas of skin lose their normal pigment and become very pale or pink. It can start at any age after birth. The extent of the condition is unpredictable, varying from single small patches to total loss of skin colour.

Zoon’s Balanitis

Zoon’s balanitis describes inflammation of the head of the penis (glans penis) and foreskin. It usually affects middle-aged to elderly men who have not been circumcised. It is thought that Zoon’s balanitis is a reaction to another underlying condition.


Balanitis is an inflammation of the glans penis(head of penis), when skin over glans is affected then it is called as Balanoposthitis. It is quiet common condition and affect males at least once in their lifetime.